|Coping||“Engaging in a behaviour or thought to respond to a demand.” (Greenberg, 2013)|
|Anticipatory coping||“The mental and physical efforts that a human makes to deal with an anticipated stressful event to tolerate, minimize or overcome the emotions associated with stress.” (Alleydog.com’s online glossary, n.d.)|
|Problem-focus coping||“The use of activities specific to getting a task done.”|
|Emotion-focused coping||“The use of activities to feel better about the task.” (Greenberg, 2013)|
|Palliative coping||“A positive emotional regulation process during a stressful encounter (e.g., responding, not reacting).”|
|Instrumental coping||“The implementation of a series of effective coping skills to alter one’s behaviour to stress.”|
|Self-efficiency||“A term coined by Albert Bandura to describe a sense of faith that produces a ‘can-do’ attitude.” (Seaward, 2012)|
Step 1: Increased Awareness
Becoming more aware of the stressful situation.
Step 2: Information Processing
Finding information and techniques to solve or cope with the problem.
Step 3: Modified behaviours
Using the information/techniques learned in step 3 and applying them, to work towards a solution.
Ultimate Goal: Peaceful Resolution
Reaching a satisfactory resolution and moving on.
Alleydog.com’s online glossary. (n.d.). Anticipatory Coping. Retrieved from http://www.alleydog.com/glossary/definition.php?term=Anticipatory%20Coping
Greenberg, J. (2013). Comprehensive Stress Management (13th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Seaward, B. (2012). Managing Stress: Principles and Strategies for Health and Well-Being (7th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.